What is a neurological condition?

A neurological condition is one that affects someone’s brain or nervous system. They can affect movement, communication, behaviour and mental health.

Anyone can get a neurological condition at any time. Some, like cerebral palsy, are present from birth. Others, such as multiple sclerosis, motor neurone disease and Parkinson's disease, can develop at any stage in life. Some can be caused by injury, like a head injury or stroke, or illness, for example tumours of the brain and spine.

Many neurological conditions are life-changing because they cause long-term disability and can severely affect people’s ability to live independently. Some conditions improve over time with the right care and rehabilitation, and others may get worse until the person dies.

Types of neurological conditions