Neurological conditions include

 

Brain Injury
A severe head injury can damage the brain in several ways, for example, as a result of increased pressure on the brain or bleeding in and around the brain. Injuries to the brain can lead to a variety of problems including difficulty moving, with balance and co-ordination, ability to think, process information and solve problems, difficulty with speech and communication skills, changes to feelings and behaviour. You can find out more about brain injury on NHS Choices.

Huntington’s disease
Huntington's disease is an inherited condition that damages nerve cells in the brain. Damage gets progressively worse over a 10-25 year period from when it first appears and can affect movement, cognition (perception, awareness, thinking, judgement) and behaviour. During the condition's later stages, the person will be totally dependent and need full nursing care. You can find out more about Huntington’s on NHS Choices.

Motor neurone disease
Motor neurone disease (MND) occurs when specialist nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord called motor neurones stop working properly. It is a rare condition that progressively damages parts of the nervous system. This leads to muscle weakness, making everyday activities like gripping and walking, and fundamental bodily functions like speaking, swallowing and breathing increasingly difficult. You can find out more about motor neurone disease on NHS Choices.

Multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects nerves in the brain and spinal cord. Each nerve fibre in the brain and spinal cord is surrounded by a layer of protein called myelin, which protects the nerve and helps electrical signals from the brain travel to the rest of the body. In MS, the myelin becomes damaged. This disrupts the transfer of these nerve signals, causing a wide range of symptoms including problems with muscle movement, balance and vision loss. You can find out more about multiple sclerosis on NHS Choices.

Parkinson’s
People with Parkinson's don't have enough of a chemical called dopamine in their brain because some nerve cells have died. Without dopamine people can find that their movements become slower so it takes longer to do things. Other symptoms include a tremor (shaking), stiff and inflexible muscles, depression, constipation, problems sleeping (insomnia), loss of sense of smell (anosmia) and memory problems. Parkinson's symptoms get worse over time. You can find out more about Parkinson’s on NHS Choices.

Stroke
A stroke is a serious, life-threatening medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Around one in every four people who has a stroke will die, and those who do survive are often left with long-term problems resulting from the injury to their brain. Some people need to have a long period of rehabilitation before they can recover, while many will never fully recover and will need support adjusting to living with the effects of their stroke. Around half the people who have a stroke will be dependent on some form of care or help with their daily activities. You can find out more about Stroke on NHS Choices.

The information contained on this web page is derived from our experience of providing care, and is referenced. If you would like more information on the references, please visit: www.sueryder.org/informationstandard
 

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